Cardozo Journal
of International and
Comparative Law

We publish articles and student notes on an array of issues such as corporate law, intellectual property, constitutional law, and human rights.

What you should know
about our team

The Cardozo Journal of International and Comparative Law (CJICL) (ISSN No. 1069-3181) is a law journal published three times per year by Cardozo Law students.

 CJICL’s commitment to scholarship has established it as one of the leading international law journals in the United States. We can help you with your studies or work, admission, and writing entrance exams.

What are we doing

Corporate Law

Corporate law is one of the industries we are working on. We create publications on this topic every two weeks.

Intellectual Property

Intellectual property is very important in the 21st century. 75% of all global enterprises exist within the network, therefore they are intellectual property.

Constitutional Law

Constitutional law is the holy grail on which any state and society is built.

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Articles & Notes

Articles and notes published by us are a valuable resource and material from which you can draw information or use them as sources in your abstracts, scientific papers, research papers.

scientific research

Scientific research is a powerful potential for working in a group or alone on the most wide-ranging topics and projects. Do you think that only scientists are engaged in science? Then we are scientists of our field.

law journal

What is a legal journal. The collection of everything you can find in law school. It is a kind of a scientific guide, leading across the vastness of legal practice.

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Any lawyer knows that the more and more thoroughly you study during preparation, the easier and more reliable you feel in the so-called battle.

I found this magazine while still studying at the university, it helped me go through all the exams and for 5 years now I graduated and have been working in my specialty, but I still draw my knowledge here.


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Anabolic Androgenic Steroids and Corporate Law: Exploring Their Interconnection

The intersection between anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS) and corporate law is a fascinating topic that delves into the realms of ethics, legality, and the impact of substance abuse on the business world. This blog post aims to shed light on the relationship between AAS and corporate law, examining the various aspects that connect these seemingly disparate subjects.

Understanding Anabolic Androgenic Steroids:

Anabolic androgenic steriods online, commonly known as AAS, are synthetic variations of the male sex hormone testosterone. These substances have gained notoriety for their ability to enhance muscle growth, increase physical performance, and improve recovery time. While they may offer short-term benefits, their misuse can lead to severe health consequences and legal implications.

Exploring Corporate Law:

Corporate law encompasses the legal framework that governs the formation, operation, and dissolution of corporations. It deals with a wide range of issues, including corporate governance, compliance, and the protection of stakeholders’ rights. It is essential for maintaining transparency, fairness, and ethical standards in the corporate world.

The Overlapping Concerns:

Despite seemingly unrelated, AAS misuse can have significant implications in the corporate sphere. Here are some key areas where anabolic androgenic steroids and corporate law intersect:

  1. Workplace Regulations: Many corporations have strict policies prohibiting the use of performance-enhancing drugs, including AAS, in the workplace. Violations of these policies can result in disciplinary actions or even termination. These regulations aim to uphold a fair playing field, ensuring that employees are evaluated based on their skills, capabilities, and ethical behavior rather than artificial enhancements.
  2. Health and Safety Concerns: The use of AAS without proper medical supervision poses substantial health risks. These risks can affect an individual’s performance, productivity, and overall well-being. Corporations have a duty of care towards their employees, and by addressing the potential health hazards associated with AAS, they contribute to a safe and productive work environment.
  3. Legal Implications: Engaging in the distribution, sale, or possession of AAS without appropriate authorization can lead to legal consequences. Corporate entities must comply with local, national, and international laws related to the handling and distribution of controlled substances. Failure to do so can result in severe penalties, tarnishing the company’s reputation and subjecting it to legal liabilities.
  4. Ethical Considerations: Corporate entities often strive to maintain a reputation built on integrity, fairness, and ethical behavior. The use of AAS conflicts with these values, as it involves gaining an unfair advantage through artificial means. By reinforcing ethical standards and discouraging the use of AAS, corporations can uphold their commitment to ethical conduct.

Final thoughts:

The interconnection between anabolic androgenic steroids and corporate law highlights the broader implications of substance abuse in the corporate world. By recognizing the potential risks associated with AAS and implementing strict policies, corporations can protect their employees’ health, maintain ethical standards, and ensure a level playing field for all. As we continue to explore the relationship between AAS and corporate law, it becomes evident that promoting a healthy and ethical work environment is crucial for sustainable business practices.

What is Stanozolol: pills, injections, winstrol steroid

Stanozolol is a synthetic anabolic steroid that is used to treat a variety of medical conditions. It is a derivative of dihydrotestosterone, which is a naturally occurring hormone in the body. It is sometimes used to treat anemia, hereditary angioedema, and to promote weight gain in certain situations. It is also used in veterinary medicine to treat certain conditions in animals.

Stanozolol is considered a controlled substance in many countries, and its use is strictly regulated. It is usually taken orally in pill form, though some people may inject it. The most common side effects of Stanozolol include nausea, vomiting, headaches, changes in mood, and weight gain.

Stanozolol is also used by some athletes and bodybuilders to help increase muscle mass, strength, and endurance. It is often stacked with other anabolic steroids to create a more potent effect. It is important to note that where to buy winstrol is not approved for use by athletes for performance enhancement. In fact, it is banned in many professional sports organizations.

People who use Stanozolol should be aware of the potential risks. It can interfere with the body’s natural hormone levels, which can lead to infertility, liver damage, and other serious health problems. It is also important to note that Stanozolol can interact with certain medications, including anticoagulants.

In conclusion, Stanozolol is a synthetic anabolic steroid that is used to treat a variety of medical conditions. It is important for people to be aware of the potential risks and side effects associated with its use. It is also important to note that Stanozolol is not approved for use by athletes for performance enhancement and is banned in many professional sports organizations.

Does Testosterone Affect Focus And Memory?

Muscular caucasian man training on floor using dumbbells in sports club. Close up of young sportsman building muscles, doing push ups on one hand in empty gym. Concept of bodybuilding.

Well, it is true! Testosterone is the primary function that affects sexual desires and functions. But it does affect much more than that! One of the additional roles of testosterone is that it helps you think. It may not be the only option involved in cognition, but it plays a leading role in brain health.  

That is why most people look for testosterone cypionate injection for sale, to increase the level of T and improve things. You can keep reading about this and learn about the connection between testosterone and brain health.

 How does it affect the brain?

Testosterone is the primary hormone type, also known as androgen, and these are considered light switches that can be activated through androgen hormones. In some research, it has been shown that testosterone can cross the barrier of blood-brain. That barrier is the protective mechanism designed to prevent any kind of damage and allow some substances in, such as medications.   

When testosterone can cross the blood-brain barrier, it causes changes in the brain’s functioning. Some protective effects on the brain because of testosterone are-

  • Reduce the nerve damage effect
  • Improve the regrowth of the nerve cell after its damage.
  • Delay the nerve cell death
  • Have anti-inflammatory action on the nerves.

These are the essential benefits for you, which you can experience only when there is a high testosterone level.  

Can low Testosterone lead to brain problems?

With age, there can be a decline in the person’s cognitive health, which also reduces the testosterone level. However, if the level of testosterone is low, then that can cause difficulty in the low erection and low sex drive. People who tend to connect with low testosterone can also face several other symptoms, which are-

  • Affected memory
  • Reduce  physical strength 
  • Increase irritability 
  • Higher instances of depression

If you face any of these symptoms and you are not able to find the cause for that, then you may know it could be because of a low level of testosterone. There are several studies that have proved that with an average level of testosterone, there can be a change in mental memory, and things can become better for the person. Also, to reduce symptoms of depression and increase your sex desire, go with dianabol pills for sale in usa.

Does TRT help in improving memory and focus?

Most people often think that getting Testosterone therapy will improve brain health of the person. But there is no proper study. However, some studies have been performed on the supplementation of testosterone and still going on, and the result you have faced is that it does not improve your thinking.

So, it can be said that there are several pieces of evidence does not support testosterone therapy as a way that will improve the mental abilities of the person.


So, it can be said that a low level of testosterone can lead to several brain problems, and it may decrease the level of thinking in people. That is why it is crucial to get better therapy or consult with a doctor to make things better.

The Right Way to Do Research Before the Purchase

People would never want to spend their hard-earned money and time on a product that they would later regret. As a result, many people are now turning their attention to research before shopping. This does not mean that you should buy everything on a whim. Instead, you should know the right way to do online and offline research before buying any product, as it will help you make a better educated decision.

There are two ways to research: in-person and online. When you do in-person research, you speak with the company representative or administrator of the company website, or you do your market analysis of the company’s website. Online may include searching for reviews from previous customers or reading reviews published by other independent users and other websites. You can also read the product’s customer testimonials to determine what previous customers think about the product or their experience with it.

Tips To Do an Efficient Research

With good research of the product you are buying, you can choose the best in class and the best in the specific price range product. To do efficient and practical research, you should consider the following tips.

  • Use The Internet

The Internet is a vast resource of information. There are several places where you can research online, like forums, blogs, and product review sites like OwlRatings. You can also look for customer feedback and comments about the product you want to buy or learn about on social media platforms. As you search for feedback and comments, be sure to check the date when these were published or written and their authenticity. It’s best to consider experiences from people who bought the product instead of reading what critics of the product say.

  • Listen To What Customers Have To Say

If you are still wondering whether you should buy a product, ask your friends and relatives, especially those who have already tried it. If they give rave reviews of the product, that’s a good sign. Furthermore, you will ask those who have already tried the product and visit their home or workplace to see how they use it. Make sure to ask them if they are satisfied with the product or not and if there is any way to improve the service.

  • Use Your Senses

Your senses can help you make an informed decision about a particular product before buying it or not. Great companies with a good reputation sell great products because a company with harmful products will not work long. If a company has exemplary services, its employees should also be helpful, friendly, and professional. If you cannot perform the test that you want with the company’s product, consider whether it will be a good idea to buy it.

With platforms like OwlRatings, you can get information on almost every product. The more information you have about the product you want to buy, the better decision you can make. This will save you from regrets in the future and help you make more educated decisions about your purchases.

How To Stop Your HGH Levels From Declining. Five Ways

Human growth hormone (HGH) is one of the most important hormones for the human body. It is not only necessary for the growth of the body. Even when our body stops growing, it is still critical as it regulates body fat, meaning when HGH drops, the body fat will start increasing, specifically around the belly. Increase in anxiety as well as depression. Decrease interest in opposing sex along with easy tiring body and fatigue. After getting a prescription from a doctor, one can Buy HGH Injections Online from different websites.

Feeling of being alone, extreme cold or hot weather, decreases body muscle, strength, and stamina with the ability to exercise without rest in a short while. Reduction bone tendons and their strength along with their density. Increased cholesterol in the blood.

Decreasing body fat

The amount of body fat in the person`s body directly affects the concentration of HGH in the person’s body as if fat increases, the amount of growth hormone will decrease. Therefore, a person with higher belly fat has a higher chance of getting diseased with contracting and weak secretion on HGH. According to a study, after examining people with higher belly fat around three times, the normal has about half the amount of HGH.

 People with higher belly fat have been mentioned to continuously secreting low amounts of human growth hormone. Even though it has been mentioned that it usually occurs in men for increasing their fat, it is advised for both genders not to gain fat. It can be worth noting for obese people that after losing their belly fat, their decreased levels of HGH can return to normal. 

Controlling sugar levels 

It is worth mentioning that a sudden increase in insulin level can be linked directly to the decrease of HGH levels. One can learn about the decreased levels of human growth hormones (HGH for sale) just by looking at increased levels of either insulin or carbohydrates. According to a study, HGH levels in a healthy person are around three times greater than that of a diabetic person. The levels of HGH can also decrease when one takes in a high level of sugar, gaining weight and resulting in obesity.

Intense workout

Exercising intensely for some time can boost your HGH levels, even though it can entirely depend on the type of exercise one is doing. The person`s food intake can also affect the workout`s outcome, as if one is taking high levels of sugar along with an intense workout, it will mean nothing.

Getting optimum sleep

A patient’s sleep also determines his HGH levels as it is released in pulses; during sleep, its intensity is greater. The large pulses occur during midnight, whereas the small ones occur during the morning hours. Short sleeping hours can also decrease the HGH levels.

Fasting at times

 Fasting at some times like every Sunday or Monday can also increase the metabolism giving the body time needed to digest all of the excessive sugar and bringing the level of human growth hormone (HGH) back to normal. Just by this one single step, one can easily return his blood sugar level along with HGH back to normal.

Should You Rent or Buy a Car Pros and Cons?

In recent years, renting a car has become a common way to transport yourself from one place to another. The benefits of renting include not having a financial burden on purchasing a new vehicle and being more flexible in terms of where you can pick up and drop off your rental. It depends largely on your personal preference, whether using rent to own dealerships or buying is better for you.

You have to consider whether you will use the vehicle often or not. You must also consider your plans for the future when purchasing a vehicle. If you are planning on moving frequently, there is a possibility that you will not be able to sell your vehicle easily, making it a lot less appealing to purchase one in the first place. But with these things in mind, let’s look at the pros and cons of both buying and renting a vehicle.

Buying a New Vehicle

When it comes to buying a new car, you have plenty of choices. You have large dealerships that have huge inventories that cater to the needs of consumers. You also have small independent dealerships where you can walk around and test driving options that meet your specifications.

If you have regular requirements for a vehicle, for example, if your office is located far away or you have to travel out of station regularly, then buying a new car be just for you. You can modify or alter your vehicle as per your requirements without any hesitation. At the same time, rental needs to be returned as its condition costs a lot for a regular user.

Rental Cars for Everyone

This revolutionary idea of renting a car for a few days of use has made it possible for almost everyone to get cars for their requirement. You can get a vehicle for your trip or vacation without having to invest heavily in a new vehicle. A rental service allows you to get cars for your requirement in any part of the world where these services are available with minimum charges.

If your requirement is limited to a few days only, then it is best to opt for rental services rather than buying expensive new cars. These are also beneficial for someone who spends most of their travelling in different parts of the world as they can get a vehicle anywhere now by simple renting it.

New Vs Rental Car: Final Verdict

A new car allows you to use it at your will without answering or paying a third party. Buying a new car means a long term investment as it will provide you services for years to come.

Suppose you are short on your budget or have only a short term requirement for a vehicle, then you can go with rent to own dealerships to save money while still getting your business done. These are best if you are in a new territory and want a medium to travel. But for use daily, buying a new vehicle is the ultimate option for you.

5 Signs Of Low Testosterone And How To Fix It

The definition of low testosterone varies depending on who you talk to, but generally speaking, any levels below 300 ng would be considered low. However, testosterone levels can also vary quite a bit based on your age, activity level and even the time of day. For these reasons, it is often best to meet with a doctor and get lab tested so you can see exactly what your testosterone levels are and determine if they’re in the optimal range.

Low testosterone is most commonly caused by age, physical inactivity, diet and genetics that reduce the production of endogenous testosterone within the body. However, some other factors, such as stress, can also play into this problem, so make sure you take a good look at all areas of life before making any decisions about treatment options. One of the treatment options is taking a nugenix total t testosterone supplement. But the first question comes up to mind is that Is nugenix total t safe?

Signs And Symptoms Of Low Testosterone

Five signs which you can look to see if you have a low testosterone level in the body.

  1. One of the best signs of low testosterone is excessive weight gain.  You often see weight gain in postmenopausal women and men, but in men, however, it can indicate that they have low testosterone. Obese men often have low testosterone levels as well. 
  2. Another common symptom among low testosterone men is gender confusion and discomfort. If you’re feeling sluggish and want to avoid social situations as much as possible, then you might have a problem with low testosterone. 
  3. You May Have Low Testosterone if you always feel tired and can’t seem to find the energy for regular activities like going for a run every morning. 
  4. You no longer enjoy anything like social gatherings or good food. Instead, you’ve noticed that you’re becoming increasingly irritable and impatient with those around you. 
  5. You can’t concentrate on the task at hand and find it difficult to focus on simple tasks, let alone more in-depth activities like studying for an exam or getting ahead at work.

If you recognize any of these symptoms of low testosterone, then there’s a good chance that you’re suffering from this problem. And your body isn’t producing enough testosterone to perform basic functions like feeling energetic and taking care of yourself properly.

How To Fix Low Testosterone Problems?

One of the ways to treat low testosterone problems is by taking testosterone boosters. Hormone boosting supplements are a supplement that may contain substances such as DHEA, pregnenolone, and other hormones. These supplements are used by those who feel their hormone levels are below the recommended level.  Among such testosterone boosters, one is nugenix total t, and the company claims that it is safe and helpful in increasing the level of testosterone in men.

 Unfortunately, signs of low testosterone are often overlooked. Many people in the world don’t take them seriously enough. Men can develop symptoms without any diagnosis, so you should rush to the hospital if you feel like you have low testosterone. It’s time for men to seek help for their low testosterone levels and start feeling better about them.